A dam is an artificial construction which is built across a river. However, most of the dams are built to manage river flow, progress navigation, and control flooding. But some dams are made to create hydroelectric power. Many dams have built all over the world. Rogun Dam is the highest and largest dam among all of them. Here is a top 10 largest and highest dams list.
Rogun Dam: - The largest and highest dam that ever built is the Rogun Dam. It is situated across the River Vakhsh in the southern part of Tajikstan. This dam is 335 meters high, which makes it the No.1 highest dam in the world at present. In the beginning of this huge construction there were preliminary problems and the project was dropped for the short term. However, in 1990 Rogun Dam was accomplished on a partnership withRussia.
Nurek Dam: - Nurek Dam is the second largest and highest Dam in the world. This Dam is situated in central Asian nation of Tajikistan on the Vakhsh River, next to the Rogun Dam. This Dam is also the world’s largest rock fill dam. It was built between 1961 and 1980.The height of this Dam is 300m (980 ft). Nurek Dam has 9 units generating hydroelectric power which generate 2.7 gigawatts.
Grand Dixence (Switzerland):- Grand Dixence is the third largest and also the highest dam in the world. It is located on the Dixence River at the head of the Val d’Hérens in the canton of Valais in Switzerland. The Grande Dixence Dam is a 285 m (935 ft) high, 700 m (2,297 ft) long concrete gravity dam, which also recorded as the tallest gravity dam in the world. The dam with holds Lac des Dix (LakeDix), the second largest lake in Valais, holds approximately 400,000,000 m3 (1.4×1010 cu ft) of water. Construction on the dam started in 1950 and was completed in 1964.
Inguri (Georgia):- Inguri is another highest dam in the world with a height of 272 meter (892-ft). It is a hydroelectric dam situated in north of the town Jvari, Georgia. Inguri Dam is a part of the Inguri hydroelectric power station (HES) located in Abkhazia where the dam is built on the Inguri River. Construction of this dam started in 1961 however it was completed only in 1987. There are five generators at the Inguri Power Station. The dam has a planned power capacity of 1,300 megawatts.
Chicoasen (Mexico):- Chicoasen and also known as the Manuel M. Torres is the 5th largest Dam in the world. It is situated on the Grijalva River about 40 km from Tuxtle, capital of the Mexican state of Chiapas. It is a largest Dam with a height of 261 m (856 ft) and length of 485 m (1,591 ft). It withholds a reservoir of 1,613,000,000 m3 (1,307,680 acre·ft) and lies at the head of a 52,600 km2 (20,309 sq mi) catchment area. The dam was constructed between 1974 and 1980.
Tehri Dam (India):- Tehri Dam is the 6th largest and highest dam in the world. It is situated on Bhagirathi River near Tehri in Uttarakhand, India. Tehri dam was built in order to catch the water from the basin of upper Ganga, at the Bhilanganga and Bhagirathi confluence. The height of the dam is about 260 meters and it is highest dam in India. The Tehri Dam withholds a reservoir for irrigation, municipal water supply and the generation of 1,000 MW of hydroelectricity.
Xiaowan Dam: - The world 7th highest dam is Xiaowan Dam. The dam is 258 in height and also going to be the world’s forth biggest Dam in conditions of hydroelectric power. Building on the Xiaowan Dam was ongoing in January of 2002. This hydroelectric arch Dam is situated on the River Lancany, in South West China. Every power generating component will have a 700 MW capacity.
Eratan Dam (China) – in Southwest China the Eratan Dam is a largest Dam. The dam is located on the Yalong River. The whole electrical energy generation capacity of the facility is 3,300 MW, one of the largest hydroelectric stations in China. The world’s 8th largest dam has 6 hydroelectric generators, every power generating component has a 550 MW capacity. Building of the Dam begun on September 1991 and was finished on December 26, 1999. The Dam height is 245 meters with enormous water capability.
Sayano-Shushensk Dam - Sayano-Shushensk Dam is the Russia’s largest power plant and the world’s 9th highest Dam and moreover the 6th largest hydroelectric plant in the world. The dam is 245 meters in height. It is situated on theYenisei River near Sayanogorsk. It is by distant the larger of just two gravity-arch dams in Russia. The Dam is constructed to “securely” survive earthquakes able to eight on Richter scale. The dam also was recorded by the Guinnes Book of world records as the well-built structure of its type.
Alvaro Obregon Dam - Alvaro Obregon Dam is the 10th highest Dam in the world and the height is 244 meters. The Dam construction started in 1947 and took 5 years to complete. The largest Dam is built on the river Yaqui.